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Southeastern Naturalist Volume 14, Special Issue 7, 2015

Canaan Valley & Environs

Contents. Click on the hotlinked titles to view open-access first pages with abstracts.

Front cover  
Inside front cover  
Dedication  
Board of Editors/indicia page  
General Acknowledgments  
RESEARCH ARTICLES  
Introduction
George Constantz and Ron Preston
1
The Geology of Canaan Valley
David L. Matchen
7
Climate of Canaan Valley
Christoph A. Vogel and Robert J. Leffler
18
Soils of Canaan Valley and Adjacent Mountains
John Sencindiver, Kevin Thomas, and Jason Teets
33
Characteristics of Wetland Soils Impacted by Acid Mine Drainage
Kyle Stephens, John Sencindiver, and Jeff Skousen
40
Characterization of Soil Developing in Reclaimed Upper Freeport Coal Surface Mines
Jennifer Lanham, John Sencindiver, and Jeff Skousen
58
Terrestrial and Longitudinal Linkages of Headwater Streams
J. Bruce Wallace and Sue L. Eggert
65
Overview of Hydrologic and Geologic Investigations Conducted in Canaan Valley, West Virginia
Douglas B. Chambers, Jeffrey B. Wiley, and Mark D. Kozar
87
Water Quality Trends in the Blackwater River Watershed, West Virginia
Jessica Smith, Stuart A. Welsh, James T. Anderson, and Ronald H. Fortney
103
Water-Quality Assessment and Environmental Impact Minimization for Highway Construction in a Mining-impacted Watershed: The Beaver Creek Drainage
Roger C. Viadero, Jr. and Ronald H. Fortney
112
Rare Plant Communities in Canaan Valley, West Virginia
Ronald H. Fortney, Steven L. Stephenson, and James S. Rentch
121
Plant Communities of Abes Run Wetland, Canaan Valley State Park, West Virginia
James S. Rentch, Ronald H. Fortney, James T. Anderson, and William N. Grafton
136
Rare Plants of Canaan Valley, West Virginia
Rodney L. Bartgis, Elizabeth A. Byers, Ronald H. Fortney, William Grafton, and M. Ashton Berdine
158
Vegetation of Managed Grasslands in the Canaan Valley National Wildlife Refuge
Kelly A. Chadbourne and James T. Anderson
187
Longevity of Interrupted Fern Colonies
Andrea Faust and Raymond L. Petersen
203
Exotic and Invasive Plants in Canaan Valley
William N. Grafton and Ronald H. Fortney
210
White-tailed Deer and Balsam Woolly Adelgid Effects on Balsam Fir in Canaan Valley
Chad Cherefko, Collin Fridley, Jason Medsger, Melvin Woody, and James T. Anderson
218
Rare Plant and Animal Species of Canaan Valley
Brian McDonald
232
Invertebrate Biomass in Mowed and Unmowed Fields of Canaan Valley
Kelly A. Chadbourne and James T. Anderson
252
In-Situ Bioassay Response of Freshwater Mussels to Acid Mine Drainage Pollution and its Mitigation
Janet L. Clayton, Shelly A. Miller, and Raymond Menendez
261
Historic Fishery of the Blackwater River
Peter E. Zurbuch
276
Fishes of the Blackwater River Drainage, Tucker County, West Virginia
Daniel A. Cincotta, Stuart A. Welsh, Douglas .P. Wegman, Thomas E. Oldham, and Lara B. Hedrick
297
Amphibians in the Canaan Valley Drainage
Thomas K. Pauley
314
A General Overview of the Birds of Canaan Valley and Tucker County
John Northeimer
323
American Woodcock Habitat Changes in Canaan Valley and Environs
Ann K. Steketee, Petra Bohall Wood, and Ian D. Gregg
331
Temporal Variation in Songbird Abundance on Grasslands in Canaan Valley, West Virginia
Kelly A. Chadbourne and James T. Anderson
344
Nesting Birds in Hawthorn-Savannah Habitats of Canaan Valley, Tucker County, West Virginia
James T. Anderson and Kelly A. Chadbourne
357
Waterfowl Surveys in Canaan Valley: 1979–1993
Edwin D. Michael and Sandra L. Brown
365
A History of Wildlife Management in Canaan Valley and Environs
Walter A. Lesser and Jack I. Cromer
372
Historic Game Harvests in Canaan Valley and Tucker County, West Virginia
Edwin D. Michael, Sandra L. Brown, and Walter S. Brown
382
Prehistory of Canaan Valley: An Ecological View
George D. Constantz
405
An Environmental History of Canaan Valley
Kenneth L. Carvell
428
The Fernow Experimental Forest and Canaan Valley: A History of Research
Mary Beth Adams and James N. Kochenderfer
433
The Civilian Conservation Corps in Tucker County, West Virginia, 1933–1942
Larry Sypolt
441
Skiing from Top to Bottom: The History of Skiing in Canaan Valley
John Lutz
447
Canaan Valley: Promised Land or Battleground for Outdoor Recreation and Nature-based Tourism
Steven W. Selin and Naira Zepeda
455
A Final Canaan Valley View
George Constantz and Ronald Preston
466
   
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